Kentucky is a pretty popular place to live, find your dream job, or even run your own business. If you want to begin your entrepreneurial journey by taking the first steps to start your own business, you will find that registering a business in Kentucky is a pretty simple and straightforward process. This is because of the state’s efficiency and consistent support for new businesses starting out.
There are many different small business development centers in Kentucky with the sole focus of helping start-up entrepreneurs and those already operating a small business to develop, maintain, and thrive within their local community, throughout the state, nationally, and even beyond the U.S. to international markets!
Kentucky’s ongoing support for small businesses is evident in the state’s approach to encouraging new businesses to register in the state. With access to many different business development centers, low corporate income taxes, affordable homes, paired with a low cost of living, comparatively low business registration fees, a decent education system providing many skilled workers, and competitive salaries, it will come as little surprise why many people choose Kentucky to register their business.
How to Register a Business Name in Kentucky – 7 Easy Steps
The Kentucky Secretary of State makes it reasonably easy to register your business name. There are three ways you can do this:
- 1. Do it yourself directly on their website.
- 2. Pay a document filing company that can register everything online for you – there is a modest fee for this but it saves a lot of time and ensures it is done correctly.
- 3. Hire an attorney or accountant to file and register your new company – there are higher fees associated with this.
Step 1 – Determine your registered name
Firstly, you must determine that your business name is unique and not being used by someone else. A business registration company can do this research on your behalf or alternatively, you can search directly on the Kentucky Secretary of State website.
Once you have established your name is available you can register a business name in Kentucky directly on their website if you are comfortable with the process. Or, if you want a company to do this for you that specializes in this, you can use an online registration service to do it.
These document filing companies usually offer a free registered agent service for one year with most of their packages which is often a necessity for new businesses and those being registered by foreigners with no U.S. address.
Before doing any of this, you must decide on the right structure.
Step 2 – Choose the right business entity
You need to choose the right type of business to register and the most common options are a limited liability company (LLC) or an incorporated company (Inc.). If you are keeping things really small and simple (one or two people), then you may consider a sole proprietorship or a general partnership.
Even if you plan to be a solopreneur, it is usually more beneficial for you to register a Kentucky LLC to make sure, as the owner, you have limited liability under this structure, and so you can benefit from the pass-through tax advantages.
Here is a quick rundown of the various options and what they might mean to you:
- Limited Liability Company: A Kentucky LLC is often the best route for most entrepreneurs because the structure comes with personal asset protection, no double taxation, is fairly easy to maintain, and does not have high registration or annual renewal costs. Through LLC formation you have better tax flexibility and income can be taxed as a pass-through entity like a sole proprietor or partnership, or as a corporation.
- Incorporated Company: A Kentucky Corporation offers personal asset protection and your company can own property, vehicles, incur liabilities, and is responsible for its own debts and can conduct business without the owners risking their personal assets such as their homes, cars, personal savings, retirement, etc. On the flip side, owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships face unlimited liability for both business and personal assets.
Step 3 – Make sure your name is not being used by another company
This may seem obvious, but if you check the Kentucky Secretary of State website and see that your chosen business name is available, it doesn’t mean that someone else is not using the same or similar name, particularly in another state.
Many people register an “official business entity name” and trade under a different name. This is called a Kentucky dba, or “doing business as” name or assumed trading name, and needs a separate DBA certificate.
You will want to do a Google search for your official name and your desired trading name (if different) to make sure no one else is using this name. Most importantly, you will want to make sure you can get an easy-to-remember website domain name that is not being used by someone else.
Having an awesome name or trading name for your business can be crucial to your success, so making sure the domain name is available too, and registering it right away, is equally as important.
Finally, if you go to the Kentucky Secretary of State website and discover that someone else has registered the name you would like, you can search for variations of that name by adding a word before it or after it, or using some other variations until you find a name that is available and acceptable for you.
Step 4 – Request an Employer Identification Number (EIN)
Once you have registered your new business in Kentucky you will need to get an EIN for a number of reasons. These include paying taxes for your business, opening a bank account, obtaining credit cards or lines of credit, establishing terms with vendors and suppliers, hiring employees, and more.
There are only a few instances where you likely won’t need an EIN. More often than not, many business activities are just not possible without having an EIN.
An EIN is the business equivalent of a social security number and is used to track your business dealings. Even if you do not intend to hire employees, you will almost certainly still need an EIN for your Kentucky company and it protects you from having to use your social security number.
An EIN (also known as a federal tax id) is free to obtain from the IRS and you can apply online but if you are not comfortable filling in forms you can use a third-party document filing service to do this for you for a small fee. This ensures you are 100% compliant with the law and they handle everything with the IRS.
Step 5 – Obtain the Required Business Licenses and Permits
To operate your business in Kentucky you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. Kentucky does not require all businesses to have a “general” license to operate but depending on the type of business you start, or the location of your business within the state, you might need certain licenses and permits.
For example, if you open a restaurant or similar food-related business you will most likely need a health permit, sales tax permit, facilities permit, and others. If you plan to sell alcohol, you will need a liquor license.
You must find out how to obtain the necessary Kentucky business licenses and permits for your business and fill out the appropriate forms. If you follow the link we have provided you can enter the type of business you plan to operate and the State of Kentucky will tell you what type of license or permit you need and who to contact.
Alternatively, you could hire a professional document filing company to do this for you. It eliminates a lot of time and hassle and ensures you are correctly complying with the law.
Step 6 – Determine Your Business Employer Requirements
There are several things you need to check regarding your responsibilities as an employer in Kentucky because there are requirements you must meet at the federal and state level. These could include various workforce commissions, safety, and state tax obligations, as well as labor law requirements including the minimum wage in Kentucky and employee rights and remedies under the Kentucky minimum wage act.
To learn more about Kentucky employer resources take a look at the Kentucky Labor Cabinet website.
Step 7 – Open a Business Bank Account for your Kentucky Company
As a new business owner, you should seriously consider separating your personal and business bank accounts to make it easier to track and account for your income and expenses. For certain business types, such as an LLC or a Corporation, it is essential that you open a separate business bank account to maintain your liability protection.
Once you have your EIN and your company registration documents, coupled with your driver’s license, you are ready to go to the bank and open your checking account.
Don’t worry, this won’t be expensive or leave you burdened with hefty monthly fees to pay – there are many free business bank accounts out there for you to choose from. Each has its different features and benefits, so you can decide what bank and checking account best suits your needs.
Summarizing Registering a Business in Kentucky
Kentucky has a good business ecosystem, tailored for businesses both large and small, and it is constantly improving and developing too! Kentucky’s focus on specifically aiding small businesses is constantly improving, with many different business development centers littered around the state and free support systems to help out startups and businesses already in operation.
Small businesses thrive in Kentucky due to its low state tax burden (5% flat corporate income tax rate), an ever-growing and stable economy, plenty of readily available office and other commercial space, affordable housing, supportive local communities, a solid education system (32% college-educated), highly-skilled workforce, and quick access to large consumer markets.
The state fee for registering a business in Kentucky is a reasonable $40 for an LLC and $50 for a corporation. The annual filing fee to maintain your company in Kentucky is minimal and $15 for a corporation and the same ($15 per year) for an LLC.
The Bluegrass State is committed to your success and has many resources at your disposal that you can take advantage of.
Resources for Small Businesses in Kentucky
Whether you are registering as an LLC, Corporation, or simply as a Sole Proprietor in Kentucky you are going to need to tap into the resources available to you to drive your small business forward.
Kentucky has a multitude of small business development centers that are dedicated to supporting the development and retention of small businesses. The support they provide to entrepreneurs covers everything from crafting business plans to navigating the state’s tax codes. Visit the Kentucky Small Business Development Center website to find out more.
Here are some additional small business resources in Kentucky:
- SCORE Kentucky: Not only are there small business development centers tailored around working with small businesses and startups for growth and development, but SCORE’s volunteer business professionals and expert mentors are readily available and are free to use for those looking to begin their entrepreneurial journey.
- Kentucky SBA: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) helps small business owners and entrepreneurs pursue the American dream. The SBA is dedicated to small businesses and provides counseling, capital, and contracting expertise as the nation’s only go-to resource and voice for small businesses.
These services are very useful and cost-efficient, and it makes perfect sense to arm yourself with all the help and information you can get.