State symbols have been a mainstay of U.S. culture since the very beginning. Official symbols are used to represent the cultural heritage and natural history of each state in the most fun way possible.

Fortunately, Texas is no different from many other U.S. states, with a plethora of symbols that are indicative to the state’s historical roots and geological history. There are also recognizable icons and emblems for each state, such as state seals and flags, nicknames and mottos, and much more which we have included in our Texas state symbol list.

Texas state symbols

State of Texas Symbols List

There are an incredible amount of state of Texas symbols, and all states for that matter, creating a whole host of interesting facts, both from the past and present. We have shortlisted the top 6 most significant Texas state symbols below and further down the page you will find a comprehensive table with each Texas symbol and the date in which they were officially created.

Texas State Animal

Texas, like some other states such as Georgia, is in a unique situation when it comes to the animal that represents the state. This is because instead of having one Texas state animal, there are actually two mammals, a Texas small state mammal and a Texas large state mammal.

The small mammal that represents Texas is the armadillo, this mammal was officially adopted in June of 1995 via a vote from hundreds of elementary school children. This vote actually ended in a dead tie between the longhorn and armadillo, which encouraged legislators to make them both the state mammal, one small and one large!

The small state mammal was described by the legislators as an animal that “possesses many remarkable and unique traits, some of which parallel the attributes that distinguish a true Texan, such as a deep respect and need for the land, the ability to change and adapt, and a fierce undying love for freedom.”

Texas state animal

The second Texas state animal is the longhorn. Cattle were initially introduced to North America by Columbus during 1493. The closest descendants to these animals are known today as the Texas Longhorn. These cattle can swim rivers, survive countless hours in the desert sun and winter snow, also, they can impressively travel large distances without food and water. The longhorn became a symbol of the Texas cattle drivers during the 1860s and 1870s.

Texas State Fruit

Since it was designated as the official state fruit in 1993, the Texas red grapefruit has become one of the most well-known symbols to represent the state. This citrus fruit is surprisingly new when compared to other fruits in the same tropical group. Many believe that the red grapefruit is a cross between a pummelo and an orange.

Texas state fruit

Texans have been growing grapefruit in the Rio Grande Valley for over 100 years. It was roughly 1929 when a mutation was discovered on a single tree, becoming the famous Texas Ruby Red grapefruit that we know today.

Texas State Bird and Flower

The bluebonnet has been Texas’ official state flower since 1901. These beautiful flowers can be found throughout the state and were named this due to their blue color and sunbonnet-shaped petals. However, not all bluebonnets are blue! You can find them in red and purple as well as some other, more uncommon colors.

Texas state bird

The Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) was set as Texas’ official state bird in 1927 in the “Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 8, 40th Legislature”. These beautiful and fascinating birds can sing up to 200 songs, including the songs of other birds, insects, and amphibians! The Texas state bird and flower represent a beautiful flower with striking colors and a bird that can outsing just about any other bird on the planet!

Texas State Seal

The Texas state seal was officially adopted in 1836 when the state was still considered the “Republic of Texas”. However, in 1845, Texas became an independent “State”, meaning that the “Republic of Texas” quote that featured on the seal became “State of Texas”.

State Seal of Texas

Texas State Insect

The absolutely stunning monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) became the official state insect in 1995. Their coloration is gorgeous to look at, black, orange, and white colors with amazing patterns, however, the reason for their vivid colors is to warn predators off them.

Texas state insect

Texas State Tree

The Pecan tree (Carya illineonsis) was officially adopted as the Texas state tree in 1919, this was due to the pecan nut from the tree being also the state health nut and also pecan pie the official state pie of Texas!

Texas state tree

All Texas State Symbols (Table)

Now that we have taken a look at some of the more popular and notable state symbols that are associated with the great state of Texas, it makes sense to showcase all the Texas state symbols that are best used to represent the state’s history and more present achievements and moments. Here is the complete list of symbols:

Type Of SymbolState SymbolYear
Texas State Motto"Friendship"1930
Texas State Nickname"The Lone Star State"1930
Texas State FlagCivil and State Flag1839
Texas State FlowerBluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis)1901
Texas State TreePecan (Carya illinoinensis)1906
Texas State SoilHouston Black1902
Texas State BirdNorthern Mockingbird1927
Texas State Song"Texas, Our Texas"1929
Texas State Mammal (small)Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)1927
Texas State Mammal (large)Texas Longhorn1995
Texas State DogBlue Lacy2005
Texas State BreadPan de campo2005
Texas State Fiber and fabricCotton1997
Texas State FishGuadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii)1989
Texas State Flower songBluebonnets1933
Texas State Folk danceSquare dance1991
Texas State FruitTexas red grapefruit1993
Texas State GemTexas blue topaz1969
Texas State GrassSideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula)1971
Texas State HandgunColt Walker2021
Texs State InsectMonarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)1995
Texas State NutNative Pecan1919
Texas State Pepper (other)Jalapeño1995
Texas State PlantPrickly pear cactus1995
Texas State ReptileTexas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog.1993
Texas State SealSeal of the State of Texas1845
Texas State ShellLightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi)1987
Texas State SnackTortilla chips and salsa1995
Texas State SportRodeo1997
Texas State TartanTexas Bluebonnet Tartan1989
Texas State PastryStrudel and sopaipilla2003-2005
Texas State VegetableTexas sweet onion1997