Maryland is a great place to live, secure a dream job, or run a business. If you want to start your own company and begin your entrepreneurial journey, registering a business in the state is a relatively straightforward process due to the state’s efficient and consistent support for new businesses and Maryland companies in general.

There are a number of different development centers in Maryland that specialize in helping entrepreneurs who are starting a new business and those with existing, more established small businesses. They can help you develop your small business, progress your position within the community, throughout the state, nationally, or even on an international scale.

Maryland’s support for small businesses is evident in its approach to encouraging new businesses to register in the state, with many people labeling Maryland as the United States’ small business capital due to the number of small businesses currently thriving within the state when compared with the overall population.

With comparatively low Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation registration fees and efficient filling times, it is no wonder why so many people register a business in Maryland and start their journey to entrepreneurial success.

Not only is Maryland a pro-business state, but it is also beautiful, boasting some of the best landscapes and natural beauties the nation has to offer, Great Falls, being one of them!

How to register a business in Maryland

How to Register a Business in Name Maryland – 7 Easy Steps

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The Maryland Department of Assessments and Taxation and the Maryland Business Express makes it reasonably easy to register your business name. There are three ways you can do this:

  • 1. Do it yourself directly on their website.
  • 2. Pay a document filing company that can register everything online for you – there is a modest fee for this but it saves a lot of time and ensures it is done correctly.
  • 3. Hire an attorney or accountant to file and register your new company – there are higher fees associated with this.

Step 1 – Determine your registered name

Firstly, you must determine that your business name is unique and not being used by someone else. A business registration company can do this research on your behalf or alternatively, you can search directly on the Maryland Business Express website.

Once you have established your name is available you can register a business name in Maryland directly on their website if you are comfortable with the process. Or, if you want a company to do this for you that specializes in this, you can use an online registration service to do it.

These document filing companies usually offer a free registered agent service for one year with most of their packages which is often a necessity for new businesses and those being registered by foreigners with no U.S. address.

Before doing any of this, you must decide on the right structure.

Step 2 – Choose the right entity

You need to choose the right type of business to register and the most common options are a limited liability company (LLC) or an incorporated company (Inc.). If you are keeping things really small and simple (one or two people), then you may consider a sole proprietorship or a general partnership.

Even if you plan to be a solopreneur, it is usually more beneficial for you to register a Maryland LLC to make sure, as the owner, you have limited liability under this structure, and so you can benefit from the pass-through tax advantages.

Here is a quick rundown of the various options and what they might mean to you:

  • Limited Liability Company: A Maryland LLC is often the best route for most entrepreneurs because the structure comes with personal asset protection, no double taxation, is fairly easy to maintain and does not have high registration or annual renewal costs. Through LLC formation you have better tax flexibility and income can be taxed as a pass-through entity like a sole proprietor or partnership, or as a corporation.
  • Incorporated Company: A Maryland Corporation offers personal asset protection and your company can own property, vehicles, incur liabilities, and is responsible for its own debts and can conduct business without the owners risking their personal assets such as their homes, cars, personal savings, retirement, etc. On the other hand, owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships face unlimited liability for both business and personal assets.

Step 3 – Make sure your name is not being used by another company

This may seem obvious, but if you check the Maryland Business Express website and see that your chosen business name is available, that is all well and good, but that doesn’t mean someone else is not using that same or similar name, particularly in another state.

Many people register an “official business entity name” and trade under a different name. This is called a Maryland dba, or “doing business as” name or assumed trading name, and needs a separate DBA certificate.

You will want to do a Google search for your official name and your desired trading name (if different) to make sure no one else is using this name. Most importantly, you will want to make sure you can get an easy-to-remember website domain name that is not being used by someone else.

Having an awesome name or trading name for your business can be crucial to your success, so making sure the domain name is available too, and registering it right away, is equally as important.

Finally, if you go to the Maryland Business Express website and discover that someone else has registered the name you would like, you can search for variations of that name by adding a word before it or after it, or using some other variations until you find a name that is available and acceptable for you.

Step 4 –  Request an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

Once you have registered your new business in Maryland you will need to get an EIN for a number of reasons. These include paying taxes for your business, opening a bank account, obtaining credit cards or lines of credit, establishing terms with vendors and suppliers, hiring employees, and more.

There are only a few instances where you likely won’t need an EIN. More often than not, many business activities are just not possible without having an EIN.

An EIN is the business equivalent of a social security number and is used to track your business dealings. Even if you do not intend to hire employees, you will almost certainly still need an EIN for your Maryland company and it protects you from having to use your social security number.

For more information on how to get an EIN number in Maryland use our guide where you will find downloadable forms and links to the online process.

An EIN (also known as a federal tax id) is free to obtain from the IRS, and you can apply online but if you are not comfortable filling in forms you can use a third-party document filing service to do this for you for a small fee. This ensures you are 100% compliant with the law and they handle everything with the IRS.

Step 5 – Obtain the Required Business Licenses and Permits

To operate your business in Maryland you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. Maryland law does not require a small business owner to have a “general” license to operate.

You will, however, need specific permits for specific businesses. For example, if you open a restaurant or similar food-related business you will most likely need a health permit, sales tax permit, facilities permit, and others. If you plan to sell alcohol, you will need a liquor license, essentially it all depends on the type of products and services your business is going to offer.

The business licenses you will need to acquire in order to register a business in Maryland will also differ depending on the location of the business too.

You must find out how to obtain the necessary Maryland business licenses and permits, this link will allow you to personally search for your type of business in order to familiarize yourself with the permits and licenses your business may require to operate in Maryland, offering the appropriate forms.

Alternatively, you could hire a professional document filing company to do this for you. It eliminates a lot of time and hassle and ensures you are correctly complying with Maryland law. After all, Maryland has no single generic business license that will ensure compliance with all requirements.

Step 6 – Determine Your Business Employer Requirements

There are several things you need to check regarding your responsibilities as an employer in Maryland because there are requirements you must meet at the federal and state level. These could include various workforce commissions, safety, and state tax obligations, as well as labor law requirements including the minimum wage in Maryland and employee rights and remedies under the Maryland minimum wage act.

To learn more about Maryland employer resources take a look at the Maryland Department of Labor website.

Step 7 – Open a Business Bank Account for your Maryland Company

As a new business owner, you should seriously consider separating your personal and business bank accounts to make it easier to track and account for your income and expenses. For certain business types, such as an LLC or a Corporation, it is essential that you open a separate business bank account to maintain your liability protection.

Once you have your EIN and your company registration documents, coupled with your driver’s license, you are ready to go to the bank and open your checking account.

Don’t worry, this won’t be expensive or leave you burdened with hefty monthly fees to pay – there are many free business bank accounts out there for you to choose from. Each has its different features and benefits, so you can decide what bank and checking account best suits your needs.

Summarizing Registering a Business in Maryland

Maryland’s business ecosystem is constantly developing and improving, making the state one of the best in the nation for businesses large and small. With a specific focus on aiding small businesses over the past several years, Maryland is becoming an increasingly attractive proposition to register a business in creating a win-win situation for entrepreneurs.

Small Businesses thrive in Maryland because of its manageable state tax burden (8.25% corporate income tax rate), an ever-growing and one of the most stable economies in the nation, readily available office space and other places of business, a highly-skilled and talented workforce (47% college-educated), high median household income (over $84,800), and the state’s access to large markets.

The state fee for registering a business in Maryland is $1000 for an LLC and $100 for a corporation. The annual filing fee to maintain your company in Maryland is $300 for a corporation and an LLC.

The Old Line State is committed to your success and has many resources at your disposal that you can take advantage of.

Resources for Small Businesses in Maryland

Whether you decided to register as an LLC, Corporation, or simply as a Sole Proprietor in Maryland you are going to need to tap into the resources available to you to drive your small business forward.

Maryland has an abundance of small business development centers that are dedicated to supporting the development and retention of small businesses. The support they provide to entrepreneurs covers everything from crafting business plans to navigating the state’s tax codes. Visit the Maryland Small Business Development Center website to find out more.

Here are some additional small business resources in Maryland:

  • SCORE Maryland: Not only are there small business development centers tailored around working with small businesses and startups for growth and development, but SCORE’s volunteer business professionals and expert mentors are readily available and are free to use for those looking to begin their entrepreneurial journey.
  • Maryland SBA: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) helps small business owners and entrepreneurs pursue the American dream. The SBA is dedicated to small businesses and provides counseling, capital, and contracting expertise as the nation’s only go-to resource and voice for small businesses.

These services are very useful and cost-efficient, and it makes perfect sense to arm yourself with all the help and information you can get.