Vermont might not be one of the bigger states in the U.S. that attracts a lot of new residents, in fact, it is the second smallest by population. However, if you want to find your dream job, or if you want to start your own business, Vermont might just be the place for you.

Vermont’s secretary of state makes registering a business a fairly straightforward process and we will show you how to register a company. There are development centers and business administration offices located within Vermont with the sole focus of helping entrepreneurs and those operating small businesses to develop, maintain, and thrive within their local communities.

Support in the Green Mountain state for small businesses is evident in its approach to encouraging new businesses to register in the state. With a constantly developing and improving economy, fantastic education system, great private schools, and an awesome infrastructure, it comes as no little surprise why so many people register a business in Vermont. Read on to learn the steps you need to take to register a business in Vermont.

How to register a business in Vermont

How to Register a Business Name in Vermont – 7 Easy Steps

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The Vermont Business Express makes it reasonably easy to register your business name and here are the three ways you can do this:

  1. Do it yourself directly on their website.
  2. Pay a document filing company that can register everything online for you – there is a modest fee for this but it saves a lot of time and ensures it is done correctly.
  3. Hire an attorney or accountant to file and register your new company – there are higher fees associated with this.

Step 1 – Determine your registered name

Firstly, you must determine that your business name is unique and not being used by someone else. A business registration company can do this research on your behalf or alternatively, you can search directly on the Vermont Secretary of State Corporations Division website.

Once you have established your name is available you can register a business name in Vermont directly on their website if you are comfortable with the process. Or, if you want a company to do this for you that specializes in this, you can use an online registration service to do it.

These document filing companies usually offer a free registered agent service for one year with most of their packages which is often a necessity for new businesses if you don’t have a dedicated business address, or those that are being registered by foreigners with no U.S. address.

Before doing any of this, you must decide on the right structure.

Step 2 – Choose the right entity

You need to choose the right type of business to register and the most common options are a limited liability company (LLC) or an incorporated company (Inc.). If you are keeping things really small and simple (one or two people), then you may consider a sole proprietorship or a general partnership.

Even if you plan to be a solopreneur, it is usually more beneficial for you to register a Vermont LLC to make sure, as the owner, you have limited liability under this structure, and so you can benefit from the pass-through tax advantages.

Here is a quick rundown of the various options and what they might mean to you:

  • Limited Liability Company: A Vermont LLC is often the best route for most entrepreneurs because the structure comes with personal asset protection, no double taxation, is fairly easy to maintain and does not have high registration or annual renewal costs. Through LLC formation you have better tax flexibility and income can be taxed as a pass-through entity like a sole proprietor or partnership, or as a corporation.
  • Incorporated Company: A Vermont Corporation offers personal asset protection and your company can own property, vehicles, incur liabilities, and is responsible for its own debts and can conduct business without the owners risking their personal assets such as their homes, cars, personal savings, retirement, etc. On the flip side, owners of sole proprietorships or partnerships face unlimited liability for both business and personal assets.

Step 3 – Make sure your name is not being used by another company

This may seem obvious, but if you check the Vermont Secretary of State website and see that your chosen business name is available, that is all well and good, but that doesn’t mean someone else is not using that same or similar name, particularly in another state.

Many people register an “official business entity name” and trade under a different name. This is called a Vermont dba, or “doing business as” name or assumed trading name, and needs a separate DBA certificate.

You will want to do a Google search for your official name and your desired trading name (if different) to make sure no one else is using this name. Most importantly, you will want to make sure you can get an easy-to-remember website domain name that is not being used by someone else.

Having an awesome name or trading name for your business can be crucial to your success, so making sure the domain name is available too, and registering it right away, is equally as important.

Finally, if you go to the Vermont Secretary of State website and discover that someone else has registered the name you would like, you can search for variations of that name by adding a word before it or after it, or using some other variations until you find a name that is available and acceptable for you.

Step 4 –  Request an Employer Identification Number (EIN)

Once you have registered your new business in Vermont you will need to get an EIN for a number of reasons. These include paying taxes for your business, opening a bank account, obtaining credit cards or lines of credit, establishing terms with vendors and suppliers, hiring employees, and more.

There are only a few instances where you likely won’t need an EIN. More often than not, many business activities are just not possible without having an EIN.

An EIN is the business equivalent of a social security number and is used to track your business dealings. Even if you do not intend to hire employees, you will almost certainly still need an EIN for your Vermont company and it protects you from having to use your social security number.

An EIN (also known as a federal tax id) is free to obtain from the IRS and you can apply online but if you are not comfortable filling in forms you can use a third-party document filing service to do this for you for a small fee. This ensures you are 100% compliant with the law and they handle everything with the IRS.

Step 5 – Obtain the Required Business Licenses and Permits

To operate your business in Vermont you must comply with federal, state, and local government regulations. Vermont law does not require a small business owner to have a “general” license to operate.

You will, however, need additional specific permits for specific businesses. For example, if you open a restaurant or similar food-related business you will most likely need a health permit, sales tax permit, facilities permit, and others. If you plan to sell alcohol, you will need a liquor license, essentially it all depends on the type of products and services your business is going to offer.

The business licenses you will need to acquire in order to register a business in Vermont will also differ depending on the location of the business too.

You must find out how to obtain the necessary Vermont business licenses and permits. The Vermont Business Express website has an online license directory where you can search for your type of business to familiarize yourself with the permits and licenses your business may require to operate in Vermont.

Alternatively, you could hire a professional document filing company to do this for you. It eliminates a lot of time and hassle and ensures you are correctly complying with Vermont law.

Step 6 – Determine Your Business Employer Requirements

There are several things you need to check regarding your responsibilities as an employer in Vermont because there are requirements you must meet at the federal and state level.

These could include various workforce commissions, safety, and state tax obligations, as well as labor law requirements including the minimum wage in Vermont and employee rights and remedies under the Vermont minimum wage act.

To learn more about Vermont employer resources take a look at the Vermont Department of Labor website.

Step 7 – Open a Business Bank Account for your Vermont Company

As a new business owner, you should seriously consider separating your personal and business bank accounts to make it easier to track and account for your income and expenses. For certain business types, such as an LLC or a Corporation, it is essential that you open a separate business bank account to maintain your liability protection.

Once you have your EIN and your company registration documents, coupled with your driver’s license, you are ready to go to the bank and open your checking account.

Don’t worry, this won’t be expensive or leave you burdened with hefty monthly fees to pay – there are many free business bank accounts out there for you to choose from. Each has its different features and benefits, so you can decide what bank and checking account best suits your needs.

Summarizing Registering a Business in Vermont

Vermont has established a decent business ecosystem over the years, and it is still improving the business environment and support for small businesses. Vermont has increased its focus specifically on aiding small businesses over the past few years, with development centers, free support systems, and advisories that are focused on helping out startups and businesses already operating.

Vermont’s small business environment and general business environment have been improving leaps and bounds, and they will only get better as time moves forward, and with access to huge consumer markets in New York and Massachusetts, a great education system (47.4% college educated) which in return creates highly-skilled workers, great infrastructure, manageable business taxes, and high quality of life, it is easy to see why.

The state fee for registering a business in Vermont is affordable, especially when compared with other states, $125 for an LLC and $125 for a corporation. The annual filing fee to maintain your company in Vermont is just $45 for a corporation and the same for an LLC.

The Green Mountain State is committed to your success and has many resources at your disposal that you can take advantage of.

Resources for Small Businesses in Vermont

Whether you decided to register as an LLC, Corporation, or simply as a Sole Proprietor in Vermont you are going to need to tap into the resources available to you to drive your small business forward.

Vermont has small business development centers that are dedicated to supporting the development and retention of small businesses. The support they provide to entrepreneurs covers everything from crafting business plans to navigating the state’s tax codes. Visit the Vermont Small Business Development Center website to find out more.

Here are some additional small business resources in Vermont:

  • SCORE Vermont: Not only are there small business development centers tailored around working with small businesses and startups for growth and development, but SCORE’s volunteer business professionals and expert mentors are readily available and are free to use for those looking to begin their entrepreneurial journey.
  • Vermont SBA: The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) helps small business owners and entrepreneurs pursue the American dream. The SBA is dedicated to small businesses and provides counseling, capital, and contracting expertise as the nation’s only go-to resource and voice for small businesses.

These services are very useful and cost-efficient, and it makes perfect sense to arm yourself with all the help and information you can get.